How to Set Up and Manage Sudo Permissions

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What Is Sudo?

sudo-sudoers

credit to: XKCD

Sudo is a Linux program meant to allow a user to use root privileges for a limited timeframe to users and log root activity.  The basic thought is to give as few privileges as possible to a user while allowing  the user to accomplish a task. The term “Sudo” means substitute user, and do. It is a program used for managing of user permission based on a system configuration file. It allows users to run programs with the privileges of another user, by default, the superuser. The program is supplied for most UNIX and Linux-based operating systems.

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How to Install Apache 2 on Ubuntu 18.04

Reading Time: 2 minutesApache is the most popular web server software in use today.  Its popularity is earned through its stability, speed, and security.  Most likely if you are building out a website or any public facing app, you’ll be using Apache to display it. At the time of this writing, the most current offering of Apache is 2.4.39, and it is the version we will be using to install on our Ubuntu VPS server.  Let’s get started! Continue reading “How to Install Apache 2 on Ubuntu 18.04”

Cloud Servers vs Physical Servers: A Comparison

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Cloud Servers

Introduction

In this article, we will compare the similarities and differences of a cloud server vs a physical server. Every business has similar and different approaches in how they operate. The differences often relate to what is essential for that specific business: the clientele, the need to process information/orders, and how quickly market adaptation changes are needed.

Since almost every industry today has some type of online presence, hosting providers have adapted to offer products that solve many of the challenges that face todays businesses. One such hurdle a company must solve is which type of hosting infrastructure is best suited for their demands. These choices include both cloud servers and dedicated servers. Cloud servers and dedicated servers each perform distinct tasks based on use-cases, and can be a challenge to determine which environment will satisfy the requirements that a business requires.

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How to Install SaltStack on Ubuntu 18

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What is SaltStack?

SaltStack is an open-source infrastructure management platform built on a dynamic communications bus. The main structure of SaltStack contains two main components for work: one Salt Master and several Salt Minions. Salt Master is the main control system used to send commands to Salt Minion and their configuration. Salt Minions (they are also called Nodes) are subsystems that work on managed servers and receive commands from the master, as well as their configuration. At least two servers are required for interaction settings. One for the Master and one for the node. All nodes are configured in the same way.

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Where is the Apache configuration in CentOS?

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Apache Main Configuration Files

On a CentOS server, the package manager used to install the Apache web server (such as rpm, yum, or dnf) will typically default to placing the main Apache configuration file in of one of the following locations on the server:

/etc/apache2/httpd.conf
/etc/apache2/apache2.conf
/etc/httpd/httpd.conf
/etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf

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How To Manually Set Up Clients in WHMCS

Reading Time: 3 minutesWHMCS is an amazingly capable software allowing you to manage your clients from initial purchase, continued support, and billing management on your VPS server or Dedicated server. However, if you already have clients and you’re looking to get started with WHMCS, you will need to get those clients into the new system. While this process does require some manual work, it is absolutely possible and once they are set up, the automation can take over from there! In this guide, I will show you how to manually set up your existing clients into WHMCS.

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How to Install and Configure Puppet on CentOS, Fedora, Ubuntu or Opensuse

Reading Time: 4 minutes

What is Puppet?

lookPuppet is an intuitive, task-controlling software which provides a straightforward method to manage Linux and Windows server functions from a central master server. It can perform administrative work across a wide array of systems that are primarily defined by a “manifest” file, for the group or type of server(s) being controlled.

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How to Set Up A Firewall Using Iptables on Ubuntu 16.04

Reading Time: 5 minutesThis guide will walk you through the steps for setting up a firewall using iptables in an Ubuntu VPS server. We’ll show you some common commands for manipulating the firewall, and teach you how to create your own rules.

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How to Configure Multiple Sites with Apache

Reading Time: 2 minutesIf you are hosting more than one site on a server, then you most likely use Apache’s virtual host files to state which domain should be served out. Name based virtual hosts are one of the methods used to resolve site requests. This means that when someone views your site the request will travel to the server, which in turn, will determine which site’s files to serve out based on the domain name. Using this method you’ll be able to host multiple sites on one server with the same IP. In this tutorial, we’ll show you how to set up your virtual host file for each of your domains on an Ubuntu 18.04 VPS server. Continue reading “How to Configure Multiple Sites with Apache”

Install and Configure ModSecurity on Ubuntu 16.04 Server

Reading Time: 5 minutesMod_security, also commonly called Modsec for short, is a powerful WAF (Web Application Firewall) that integrates directly into Apache’s module system. This direct integration allows the security module to intercept traffic at the earliest stages of a request. Early detection is crucial for blocking malicious requests before they are passed along to web applications hosted by Apache web sites. This provides and extra layer of protection against common threats a server faces. This article will explore the installation of mod_security along with the CRS (Core Rule Set) in a Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Server running Apache 2.4. Continue reading “Install and Configure ModSecurity on Ubuntu 16.04 Server”