PostgreSQL (pronounced ‘post-gres-Q-L’) is a free, open-source object-relational database management system (object-RDBMS), similar to MySQL, and is standards-compliant and extensible. It is often used as a back-end for web and mobile applications. PostgreSQL, or ‘Postgres’ as it is nicknamed, adopts the ANSI/ISO SQL standards together, with the revisions.
- These instructions are intended specifically for installing PostgreSQL on Fedora 21.
- I’ll be working from a Liquid Web Self Managed Fedora 21 server, and I’ll be logged in as root.
Step 1: Add the PostgreSQL 9.3 Repository
In this case we want to install PostgreSQL 9.3 directly from the Postgres repository. Let’s add that repo:
rpm -iUvh http://yum.postgresql.org/9.3/fedora/fedora-21-x86_64/pgdg-fedora93-9.3-1.noarch.rpm
Step 2: Install PostgreSQL
First, you’ll follow a simple best practice… ensuring the list of available packages is up to date before installing anything new:
yum -y update
Then it’s a matter of just running one command for installation via apt-get:
yum -y install postgresql93 postgresql93-server postgresql93-contrib postgresql93-libs --enablerepo=pgdg93
PostgreSQL should now be installed.
Step 3: Start PostgreSQL
Configure Postgres to start when the server boots:
systemctl enable postgresql-9.3
Start Postgres w/ the following two commands:
systemctl start postgresql-9.3
Step 4: Switch to the Default PostgreSQL User
As part of the installation Postgres adds the system user postgres and is setup to use “ident” authentication. Roles internal to Postgres (which are similar to users) match with a system user account.
Let’s switch into that system user:
su – postgres
And then connect to the PostgreSQL terminal (in the postgres role):
That’s it! You’re connected and ready to run commands in PostgreSQL as the postgres role.