How to Configure Multiple Sites with Apache

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If you are hosting more than one site on a server, then you most likely use Apache’s virtual host files to state which domain should be served out. Name based virtual hosts are one of the methods used to resolve site requests. This means that when someone views your site the request will travel to the server, which in turn, will determine which site’s files to serve out based on the domain name. Using this method you’ll be able to host multiple sites on one server with the same IP. In this tutorial, we’ll show you how to set up your virtual host file for each of your domains on an Ubuntu 18.04 server.

Pre-flight

  • Login in as root

Step 1: Make a Directory for Each Site

You’ll create a directory for each site that you’ll be hosting, within the /var/www folder.  This location newly created location is also dubbed the document root location; you’ll need to set this path later in the configuration file.  Sub the domain.com and domain2.com for your domain names.

mkdir -p /var/www/domain.com/public_html

mkdir -p /var/www/domain2.com/public_html

 

Step 2: Set Folder Permissions

chmod -R 755 /var/www

 

Step 3: Set up an Index Page

To see a home page you’ll want to make sure the index.html file is created for each domain.  Something as simple as “testing for domain.com” can be set within this file.

vim /var/www/domain.com/public_html/index.html

testing for domain.com

Save and quit by hitting the Escape button and typing :wq

Repeat the steps for your second domain, using the command below.

vim /var/www/domain2.com/public_html/index.html

 

Step 4: Copy the Config File for Each Site

Copy the default configuration file for each site, this will also ensure that you always have a default copy for future site creation.

cp /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf /etc/apache2/sites-available/domain.com.conf

cp /etc/apache2/sites-available/000-default.conf /etc/apache2/sites-available/domain2.com.conf

 

Step 5: Edit the Config File for Each Site

At the bare minimum, you’ll adjust and add the highlighted lines within the <VirtualHost *:80> and </VirtualHost> tags.

Note
ServerAlias is the alternative name for your domain, in this case and in most, you’ll put www in front of the domain name so people can view the site by either www or non www (ServerName).

vim /etc/apache2/sites-available/domain.com.conf

<VirtualHost *:80>
ServerAdmin admin@example.com
ServerName domain.com
ServerAlias www.domain.com
DocumentRoot /var/www/domain.com/public_html
ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined
</VirtualHost>

Quit and Save with :wq. Repeat this process for your domain2.com.conf file, be sure to update your ServerName, ServerAlias and DocumentRoot for your second domain.

 

Step 6: Enable Your Config File

Out of the box, your server is set to read the default 000-default.conf file.  But, in our previous step we made a new config file for each domain.  So, we will need to disable the default file.

a2dissite 000-default.confTo have your server mapped to your domains you’ll need to enable each of your newly made .conf files.

a2ensite domain.com.conf

a2ensite domain2.com.conf

We restart the Apache service to register our changes.

systemctl restart apache2

 

Step 7: Verify Apache Configurations

After starting Apache you now can view that the configurations are working by either editing your /etc/host file on your computer or by editing your domain’s DNS.

After either one of these aspects are set, you’ll be able to visit your website in a browser to see the index.html pages set in Step 3.

Liquid Web customer’s enjoy 24/7 support at the tip of their fingertips with our blazing fast servers. If you find yourself stuck on a step our support team is knowledgable on Apache configurations and can assist!

Author Bio

About the Author: Echo Diaz

Throughout Echo's four year stint as a technical support specialist, her passion for breaking down complex concepts has to lead to a career in professional writing. As a top tier support specialist, she adds a distinctive element to her written work that speaks to customer feedback and concerns.

Echo occasionally pops her head out from behind her computer to watch her dog energetically run around the yard and unabashedly shovels money into buying tickets to see her favorite musical artists.

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